Most houses hit by the tsunami were simply washed away or damaged beyond repair. People were left with no shelter or place to live.
Money is left being spent to rebuild, ridding of the mess, rather than developing the area.
Schools and Hospitals
Many were damaged and most had their contents totally destroyed. Many teachers, doctors and nurses were killed.
School are destroyed, therefore children are not educated. Therefore they don't have the education in the future if teachers are killed, no educators. Hospitals being destroyed, nothing can be developed as they are having to be rebuilt. Some doctors killed.
Coastal roads and railways were wrecked. Movement or emergency vehicles was limited. Travel afterwards became very difficult.
Need transport to move resources and goods around the country. Slows doen development. Less able to trade, less money for development etc.
Thousands of people lost their livelihood as the fishing industry was all but destroyed. Families were left with no money and no food.
Not able to work. Fishing industry destroyed, lack of food available. Therefore will have to import food, losing money rather than gaining.
Many hotels and facilities were damaged. The tourist industry suffered badly. Income was reduced and local people lost their jobs.
Tourists are scared to return to the area in case it may happen again. Therefore lack of money from tourism.
Many local people are frightened that another tsunami may hit the area. They worry about their future and way of life.
May lose skilled workers as they are scared to live in the area. Therefore move away along with their skills needed for development. Less population, less workers in general.