Where - Phillipines
When - June 1991
Why - Destructive Plate Margin
Phillipines and Eurasion plate moving at 6.8 cm a year
Phillipines subducts Eurasion
Pressure built up inside the mantle
Magma forced to rise into magama chamber
Impacts - 200 000 evacuated
1000s homeless - refugee camps -> communal wash rooms -> spread diseases
Loss of crops and animals -> starvation
Solutions - Tiltmeters - predict which way volcano will erupt
Satalites - pinpoint where the eruption will occur
Hurricane Mitch LEDC
Where - Carribean Sea, Mexico, Honduras
When - Late October 1998
Why - Warm seas, above 26 degrees
Winds blow in, warm air rises(convection), strong winds spiral, winds blow outwards, winds disappear the energy is reduced.
Impacts - 11 000 dead
70% crops lost
tourist industry devastated
Short - rescue shelters built, restore water and power
Long - Malaria vaccinations, Encourage sustainable farming
Where - Near Kobe, Awaji Island
When - 17th January 1995, 5:46am
Why - destructive plate margin
Euarasion and Phillipines plate move at rate of 6.8 cm a year.
Subduction zone created.
Pressure built up
Plates slipped 18cm horizontally.
Earthquake measure 7.2 on richter scale.
Impacts - 1600 dead
200 000 buildings collapsed
Honshin Highway collapsed
12 trains derailed
Solutions - Purpose built buildings - shock absorbers
Improve prediction methods, more sensitive instruments
River Rhine EU
Where - Germany Holland France
When - Late January 1995
Why - Too much farming, heavy rainfall, saturated ground
Impacts - 250 000 evacuated, 27 deaths, loss of crops and stock
Solutions - Tile floor instead of carpet, use dykes (mounds of soil)
Sahel Drought LEDC
Where - North Africa, Burkina Faso
When - Between 1970 and 1990
Why - Long term drought, increase in population putting pressure on land, grassland overgrazed.
Impacts - Starvation, increased poverty, Desertification, 250 000 deaths
Solutions - Build dams to collect water, use contour lines, plant quick growing food.