The Battle for Grain, 1925
- Was an attempt to promote Fascist power & national self-sufficiency
- Offered farmers grants for tractors, fertilisers ect.
- Encouraged the farmers by promising high prices for the grain produced
- Harvest rose from 5.5 million tonnes in the early 1920's to over 7 millions tonnes 10 years later
- Grain imports also declined 75% during 1925-35, meaning Italy was less dependant on other countries
- Land in the Southern & Central Italian regions were more suited to the production of citrus fruits, olive oil & wine. Most of the land damaged.
- The Battle for Grain resulted in exports from the South declining.
- Would further anger the people in the South
1 of 4
Battle for Lira
- Introduced because in 1926 the exchange rate of the Lira was falling against other currencies (150 Lira to the pound)
- Mussolini tried to set up a nex excahnge of 90 Lira to the pound in December 1927
- Benefitted armament, steel & ship building businesses
- Could have helped the consumer but the govt. placed high tariffs on foreign imports.
- This was at a time when Italian goods were twice as expensive & Italian export industries went into a depression.
2 of 4
Battle for Land,1926
- Designed to turn marshland into usable land
- Pontine marshes in the South cleared & built on. Other land used to build roads on.
- 50,000 hectares cleared
- Helped to reduce unemployment
- Improved public health as it reduced malaria as the marshlands were mosquito infested
- Caused deforestation
- Only 10,000 peasants relocated
- Southern landowners blocked plans
- Abandoned in 1940
3 of 4
- Within each sector Fascist trade unions & employers would represent the workers
- Would be in charge of pay,working conditions & production in its own industry
- Aimed to get workers & employers working together
- Workers allowed to alter working hours & nightshifts without real consultation-more power
- Allowed to have annual paid holidays
- Workers couldn't choose representatives & conflicts were never fully resolved
4 of 4
Similar History resources: