Mussolini Economic policies

The Battle for Lira, Battle for Grain, Battle for Land & the Corporate state.

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  • Created by: Shannine
  • Created on: 11-05-12 10:35

The Battle for Grain, 1925

  • Was an attempt to promote Fascist power & national self-sufficiency
  • Offered farmers grants for tractors, fertilisers ect.
  • Encouraged the farmers by promising high prices for the grain produced


  • Harvest rose from 5.5 million tonnes in the early 1920's to over 7 millions tonnes 10 years later
  • Grain imports also declined 75% during 1925-35, meaning Italy was less dependant on other countries


  • Land in the Southern & Central Italian regions were more suited to the production of citrus fruits, olive oil & wine. Most of the land damaged.
  • The Battle for Grain resulted in exports from the South declining.
  • Would further anger the people in the South
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Battle for Lira

  • Introduced because in 1926 the exchange rate of the Lira was falling against other currencies (150 Lira to the pound)
  • Mussolini tried to set up a nex excahnge of 90 Lira to the pound in December 1927


  • Benefitted armament, steel & ship building businesses


  • Could have helped the consumer but the govt. placed high tariffs on foreign imports.
  • This was at a time when Italian goods were twice as expensive & Italian export industries went into a depression.
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Battle for Land,1926

  • Designed to turn marshland into usable land
  • Pontine marshes in the South cleared & built on. Other land used to build roads on.
  • 50,000 hectares cleared


  • Helped to reduce unemployment
  • Improved public health as it reduced malaria as the marshlands were mosquito infested


  • Caused deforestation
  • Only 10,000 peasants relocated
  • Southern landowners blocked plans
  • Abandoned in 1940
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Corporate State

  • Within each sector Fascist trade unions & employers would represent the workers
  • Would be in charge of pay,working conditions & production in its own industry
  • Aimed to get workers & employers working together


  • Workers allowed to alter working hours & nightshifts without real consultation-more power
  • Allowed to have annual paid holidays


  • Workers couldn't choose representatives & conflicts were never fully resolved
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