Problems Of Italy
Problems of the south -> very poor
-> 4/5 could not read or write
->Disease and early death common
-> people often
Political problems -> Kingdom of Italy a democracy
-> Elections and parliament -> corrupt and inefficient.
->few had the right to vote -> elections rigged by government
->MPs fought with each other -> government bribed them
->few Italians had confidence in the system -> felt unsafe
Problem of the pope -> Before unification ruled large area of central Italy, papal states-> land taken
->disliked government, banned Catholics from participating
Italy In WW1
->Italy declared war on Germany and Austria April 1915 -> couldn’t resist off in Treaty of London -> Italy promised Tyrol, Istria, Dalmatia and other islands in Mediterranean sea -> pleasing nationalists
->Italians defeated Battle of Caporetto 1917
->Mussolini -> in favour of joining war -> opportunist -> the war could get him power and support ->encouraging people to go to war, he had control.
Mutilated victory -> Though Italy was on the winning side of the war, they did not get all the land they were promised and social reforms were not as big as hoped. -> got Tyrol and Istria.
->Cost of war very high -> 600 000 Italians, 148 million lire in 3 years, double that in 53 years during unification. -> inflation ->wages losing value ->trade ruined by war -> unemployment
->Italians believed their suffering would be rewarded -> government made promises to soldiers -> give land to peasants, jobs to cities, pensions for families of the dead, and medical treatment.
->Young soldiers could not get jobs -> no skills to offer -> long delays in getting pensions.
->Arditti -> Italy’s heros without jobs or rewards.
Problems In Italy (2)
Economic problems ->On the surface Italy prosperous ->eg. Fiat
->Italy was very poor -> mainly agriculturists
-> frequent fighting between wages and working conditions
->Discontent and violence in towns and cities -> as industry grew -> so did the slums -> workers joined political parties such as socialists who promised better
->Many Italians emigrated to America