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  • Created by: Zoe5
  • Created on: 12-06-16 20:23

"Lonely Room" from Rogers & Hammerstein: Oklahoma

  • Tenor and orchestra
  • English resonance
  • Impressionist elements with influences from Ravel
  • Luminous textures
  • Folksong influences
  • Pastoral like Vaughan Williams
  • Bare texture (emptiness)

Harmony & tonality: B minor

  • Imperfect cadence bars 9(3)-10(1)
  • The underlying harmonic progression in bars 51-52 forms a strong perfect cadence in the tonic key, but the vocal line fails to resolve the C# from chord V = powerful unresolved dissonance
  • Chromaticism at 50(3)- chord V inc. G (minor 9th), approached secondary dominant (C#)
  • The shift away from the tonic at the end of the second verse prepares for a new 'thought'
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"Lonely Room" from Rogers & Hammerstein: Oklahoma


  • Bare texture suggests emptiness
  • Repeated dissonance (minor 2nd) suggests discomfort- relentless, monotonous
  • Static chords (bars 3-6) suggest boredom, nothing changing
  • Descending bass chords moving slowly by step = gloom, lethargy
  • 'Dark'-sounding instrumentation: clarinet, low strings
  • String tremolo throughout gives a flutter that might suggest agitation beneath the stillness
  • Doubles the vocal line throughout the second passage
  • Throbbing bass during the account of the dream = Jud's heartbeat
  • Flickering semiquavers might suggest agitation and/or shining moon
  • Prominent upper strings give a 'romantic' feel
  • Harp glissandi might suggest magical transformation
  • Strong brass chords reflect Jud's growing confidence
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"Lonely Room" from Rogers & Hammerstein: Oklahoma

Vocal line

  • Begins with a restricted range: D-G
  • From bar 7 it centres around F# in a monotonous way; the same three pitches are repeated three times in succession in bars 7-9
  • Rhythms are not varied nor expressive- mainly crotchets and quavers set syllabically
  • The only expressive moment is the pair of slurred notes on "lone-ly" bar 9(3)- sums up Jud's situation and how he feels about it
  • Recitative-like; sets the scene, introduces a more charged, lyrical, song-like section later
  • When recalling dream, pitch rises gradually = hope/excitement F#-G-A-B
  • Rising patterns bars 30-34 in a strong rhythm that emphasises the upward movement and the words "hair" and "face", culminating on "storm" on the highest note of the song (C#)
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