Music Theory AQA - Timbre and Dynamics (Area of Study Four)

Music Theory AQA - Timbre and Dynamics (Area of Study Four)

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 03-04-12 17:39

Instruments

  • Instruments and voices used in music for solo instruments, concertos, chamber groups, pop and vocal music

 

  • World Music Instruments
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Use of Technology

Sampling

Record a small 'sample' of a sound then play at any pitch

 

Reverb

Sound lasts longer, reflection and adds to sound quality

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Use of Technology

Distortion

Used in rock music - sounds aggressive

 

Chorus

Voice/Instrument is recoreded and then multiplied to sound like many

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Use of Technology

Compression

Boost levels of quiet instruments/voices to match the louer ones

 

Vocoder

A system that synthesises the sound of a voice or instrument (used a lot in pop music)

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Use of Technology

Panning

Sound moves from one speaker to another

 

Multi-tracking

Recording technique - tracks of sound are recorded seperatly then played back together

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Use of Technology

Sequencer

An electronic device thats used to record, edit and play back music data using MIDI

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Instrumental Techniques

Con Arco

Used on string instruments - with bow

Pizzicato

Used on string instruments - plucking the strings

Tremelo/Tremolando

Fast movement like a shake (film music)

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Vocal Techniques

Vibrato

Wobble sound

Falsetto

Male high pitched voice

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Dynamics

pp - pianissimo - very soft

p - piano - softly

mp - mezzo piano - moderatly soft

mf - mezzo forte - moderatly loud

f - forte - loud

ff - fortissimo - very loud

fp - loud then soft

sfp - accent note followed by piano

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Dynamics

Cresendo - getting louder <

Decresendo/diminuendo - getting softer >

Molto - much/more

Poco a poco - little by little

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