Music Terminology

These music cards will help you to understand music terminology, and be able to apply your knowledge in your exams and score high marks, as well as being popular with bored examiners!!

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Syncopation

Off beat notes

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Counterpoint

When instruments come in at different points in the same time. This means that the music is structured like this:

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Anacrusis

When the music starts on an upbeat. E.g. if the music is written in 4/4 time, and the first bar only consists of a quaver beat, before going on to full bars. (This means that the piece must finish with a bar of the value that, added with the first bar with the anacrusis, makes the total time signature).

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Homorhythmic

When all instruments play the same rhythm at the same time

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Strophic

When each verse of a somg has the same music

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Concerto grosso

A concerto written for a group of soloists and an orchestra

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Arpeggaic

When the instruments play arpeggios, it is described as being arpeggaic

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Disonance

When notes clash to make a more unpleasant sound

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False relations

When a note in one part in one bar is followed by a chromatic version of it in the next beat in a different part. E.g. if the 1st violin has a B flat in bar 2 beat 1, then the 2nd violin has a B natural OR an A in bar 2 beat 2.

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Tessitura

Where the main range of the piece lies. E.g. Shostakovich's 4th string quartet has a low tessitura.

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More cards coming soon!!

I will try my best to make some more cards as soon as I can!

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