Music Overviews - Popular Songs since 1960

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  • Created by: Tom Allen
  • Created on: 14-06-10 19:53

Backing Singers

  • Harmony - All sing different notes
  • Unison - All singing the same notes
  • Descant - Singing a higher part in time with the main tune
  • Call and response - repeating what you hear and answering it

Fancy Stuff

  • A Capella
  • Vibrato
  • Falsetto - Really high
  • Portamento - Sliding to a note
  • Scat Singing - doos and dats
  • Riffing - Decorating
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Electronic Effects

  • Reverb - In the bath
  • Multitracking - More than part recorded at different times
  • Sampling - Bring another voice in
  • Vocoder

Lead Guitar - Tunes
Rhythm Guitar - Chords
Bass Guitar - Bass Lines

Electric Guitars

  • Distortion - a grunge, dirty sound
  • Fuzz
  • Chorus - Sounds like more than one
  • Flange - Doubles up and shifts
  • Wah Wah
  • Compression - Levels out
  • Panning
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Drums add rhythms

Synthesisers can do loads - Create instruments, edit them

Blues had a massive influence on pop

From slavery in America - Orignally slow and sad

Rhythm'n'Blues - Faster versin of blues played on electric guitars and bass

Bluesy Bass Lines - Used a lot in pop

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Jazz Influences

  • Improvisation
  • Chromatic Notes
  • Jazz Instruments such as saxophones and trumpets
  • Call and response
  • Jazz Chords - 2nds, 7ths, 9ths, 11ths, 13ths

Rock'n'Roll - Faster version of 12 bar blues

Country and western style

BEATLES HAD A MASSIVE INFLUENCE

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Musicals

  • Solo Character Song - How they are feeling
  • Duet
  • Action song - Sing the plot
  • Chorus Number - Whole cast come together

African influences

  • Complex Cross rhythms
  • Repetition
  • Unision Backing Vocals
  • Call and response
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Latin American Influences

  • Ofbeat rhythms - Samba, tango etc
  • Latin American instruments - bongos, maracas, claves, cowbells, spanish guitar

Indian Influences

  • Sitar (Stringed) and Tabla (Drum)
  • Raga scales
  • Repeated patterns called talas
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