Music - OCR

Covers all topics needed for the exam!

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Waltz!

Features of waltz's!

- Written in 3/4 (3 beats per bar)

- Played by big orchestra's

- From Vienna/Austria

-1800's (Romantic Period)

- Example: Blue Danube by Johann Strauss (2nd)

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Minimalist!

Features of Minimalist Music!

- developed during the 1960's/1970's

- Additive

- Layering

- Ostinato

- Multi-track recording

- Repetitious

- Phrase shifting (on each repeat a note or rest is added or removed)

-Metamorphosis

- Example: Piano Phrase by Mike Goldfield

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Disco Music!

Features of Disco Music!

- 4/4 (4 beats per bar)

- 120 bpm

- Hooks

- Verse - Chrous structure

- USA

- Middle eight

- Stabbing brass chords

- 1970's

- Example: Stayin alive by Bee gee's

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Bhangra!

Features of Bhangra Music!

- Sung and danced in celebration of harvest

- 2 important rhythm's played on the dhol - chaal and bhangra

Mixed with modern music (1980's) -

- instruments included bass guitar, electric guitar, synthesizers

- Modern Bhangra uses lots of music technology

- Repetitious = sequencing

- Lots of different layers

- Drum machines used instead of Dhol

- DJ Scratching

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Pavanne and Galliard

Pavanne!
Features of Pavanne!

- 1550 - 1600

- Court Dance

- Played on big formal occassions

- Either 2/4 or 4/4 (duple metre)

- Slow tempo

- Grand, slow and stately dance movements

- Instruments played by consort = Crumhorn, Lute, viol, virginal

- Played before the Galliard

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Galliard!

Features of Galliard!

- Tripple metre (3/4)

- Fast tempo

- High kicks/jumps, lively dance movements

- Lots of dotted and syncopated rhythms

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Comments

Ruby3

thank you very helpful though a little more information would be nice as Jazz and African music etc aren't covered. but otherwise really handy!

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