Music GCSE Notes

Goes over each topic in bite-sized chunks =D

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  • Created by: Emma
  • Created on: 13-05-11 16:10

Romantic Song

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  • Romantic Songs are also known as lieder (love songs in German)
  • They often contain German Poems
  • Use Piano and Solo voice (Orchestra sometimes too)
  • Melody and Accompaniment structure
  • Usually about love
  • Composers: Schubert, Schumann and Brahms
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Pop Ballads

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  • Pop Ballads are often emotional and slow pop song
  • Usually about love
  • Ornamentation, Melismas, Rubato, Large range and Long held notes
  • 4/4 time signature
  • Verse - Chorus structure
  • Piano, Strings, Guitar, Saxaphone
  • Composers: Elton John, Mariah Carey, U2, Christina Aguilera, Kate Bush
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Classical Concerto

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  • Work for the solo instrument (occasionally more than one) and an orchestra
  • 3 movements (fast - slow - fast)
  • Alternations between solo and tutti sections
  • Cadenza: unaccompanied passage for the soloist
  • Themes are exchanged between the orchestra and soloist
  • Balanced and clear-cut phrases
  • Homophonic texture
  • Gradual Changes in dynamic
  • Composers: Mozart and Haydn
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Jazz

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  • Jazz originated in America
  • Improvisation is used
  • Syncopation and swung rhythms
  • Walking Bass
  • Scat singing
  • Glissando: A sline from one note to another
  • Instrumental break: Short solo at the end of a tutti passage
  • Musicians: Louis Armstrong
  • Composers: The woody herman Orchestra
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Indian Classical Music

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  • Came from India
  • Sitar (melody play raga)
  • Sarod (makes glissandos)
  • Sanarangi (bowed string instrument)
  • Bansuri (bamboo flute)
  • Tanpura (plays the drone)
  • Tabla (drums play tala)
  • Alap, Gat, Jhalla
  • Pitch bends, Glissandos, Rapid Scales, Ornamentation, Dialogue
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Gamelan

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