Music GCSE - Listening Paper.

key words

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Musical Devises.

Sequence - A repeating pattern which is transposed (moved up or down) a scale or round a cycle. 

Imitation - A musical idea being passed around instruments or intrumental Families.

Pedal - A sustained note which can be either low in the bass, or high in the melody.

Ostinato - A repeating musical phrase, normally heard in the bass.

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Playing Technique.

Pizzicato - Plucked strings. (Strings only) 

Tremolando - Rapid bowling of notes. (Strings only)

Drum roll - Percussion.

Trill - Woodwind.

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Rhythmic Devise.

There will only ever be one answer: Syncopation. 

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Rhythmic Feature.

Triplets.

Swing/Swung rhythm - heard in jazz.

Dotted rhythm - heard in marches. 

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Tempo.

Tempo may be anything between Largo and Presto and plain English words can be used if needed.

Tempo Changes. 

Ritardando.

Rallentando.

Accelerando.

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Melodic Movement.

Step.

Leap.

Scalic.

Chromatic.

Shape - Arpeggio or Broken chord.

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Phrasing.

Legato - Smooth.

Staccato - Detained. 

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Dynamics.

Can be anything from Pianissimo to Fortissimo. You can also use plain English but be precise.

Changes.

Cresendo - Gradual increase in volume or intensity.

Decresedo - Gradual decrease in volume or intensity.

Dimineundo - Gradual decrease in volume.

Sforzando - Sudden loud.

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Cadences.

In order of likeliness:

Perfect - Sounds finished.

Inperfect - Sounds like it should carry on / unfinished.

Intterupted.

Plagal - Hymn tune. 

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Comments

joe l 567

Very useful for finding words to put in the answers

Kbbrianne

Ooh well there might be other answers for Rhythmic devices: what about a haemiola, as used in Handel's And the Glory Of the Lord? Or cross-rhythms, like in Bernstein's Something's Coming? Good though! I like the tempo bit! :)

Emily.F

Thank you. I'm using this as revision for tomorrow morning's music exam!

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