Music Area Study 2 - Something's Coming

History, about the genre, about the composer, about the piece, key features, example, bar references.

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 04-04-13 16:46

Musicals

  • Vaudeville
    • contained popular songs 'borrowed' from elsewhere
    • different words
    • often comical or vulgar
  • Burlesque
    • similar to Vaudeville
    • tends to be more restrained and classical
    • parody of other serious plays
  • Opera-bouffe
    • comical
    • some spoken dialogue
    • happy ending
  • Operetta
    • lighter opera
  • Minstrelsy
    • involved white people dressing up as black people to make fun
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Musicals Continued

  • Extravaganzas
    • variety stage shows
    • contained dancing, singing, magicians, etc
  • Melodramas
    • dramas where spoken lines are puncuated by music
  • Broadway Musicals
    • plays with songs
    • usually just in films
  • West End Musicals
    • plays with songs
    • tend to be live, in the West End
  • Rock Operas
    • involved rock music not operatic
    • found live and in films
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Influences of Classical and Jazz

  • Classical
    • lots of strings
    • lots of percussion
    • nothing too complex
    • clear structures
    • terraced dynamics
    • build up of instruments
    • change of mood
    • ostinatos
    • operatic vocals
    • fragments/imitation
  • Jazz
    • off beat/syncopated rhythms
    • accents
    • improvisation
    • walking bass
    • call and responce
    • clicking/mutes
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Influences of Latin-American

  • Latin-American
    • dance-style rhythms
    • driving melody
    • strong percussion
    • time signature (6/8 + 3/4)
    • off beat/syncopated rhythms
    • accented first beat
    • maracas/clapping
    • hemiola
    • voice tremello/rolling r's
    • polyphonic + moments of unison

Jazz - Swing - Blues - Classical - Latin-American - Tango - Bossa-Nova

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West Side Story Background

  • Written by Leonard Bernstein
    • Accomplished performer, conductor and composer
    • Studied music at Harvard
    • Conducted the New York Philharmonic
  • 1950s version of 'Romeo and Juliette'
  • 'Tony and Maria' fall inlove but cannot be together
    • From different teenage gangs
      • 'Jets' from and live in America
      • 'Sharks' from Portorico and live in America
  • Fight between the gangs
    • Tony is told Maria is dead
    • Tony gets shot
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Something's Coming

  • Added after the musical was finished to introduce the character of Tony
  • 3 clear sections
    • A - syncopated opening melody
    • B - Punchy theme to the song
    • C - Legato, calmer melody
  • Tonal piece
    • D major and C major key signature
    • not related keys
    • slips between keys by flattening and raising
  • With some dissonance created by
    • blues notes
    • tritones
  • 3/4 and 2/4 time signature
    • 3/4 sounds like 6/8 hemiola
  • Words are rarely repeated
    • emphasise the importance when repeated
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Something's Coming Features + Examples

  • Tritone
  • Syncopation
  • Cross rhythms
  • Hemiola
  • Ostinati
  • Dissonance
  • Push notes
  • Marcato/marked
  • Syllabic word setting
  • Melasmatic word setting
  • Muted trumpets
  • Riff
  • Blues note - flattened
  • Accents
  • Tremello
  • Dynamic range
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