Expressionism key features
Very emotional (expressive)
Angular melodies (jumps)
No real cadences, repetition, or sequences
Always changing idea
Use extended orchestras
Peripetie from 5 orchestral Pieces- Schoenberg
Schoenberg was Austrian. He invented serialism (but peripetie is NOT serialist)
Written in 1909 and is 4th movement. It was revived in 1922 + 1949
Atonal + Dissonant harmony. Peripetie means 'sudden changes'- melodies are disjunct. Use of 8ve displacement.
For quadruple woodwind- Large orchestra. Use of imitation + inversion
Hexachords used- 6 notes from the 12 semitones. Other 6 are complementary
In free rondo from- A B A1 C A2 and 66 bars long. Changes between 3/4, 2/4 + 4/4
Klangforbenmelodie= variates the timbre Sehr rasch= very quick.
Extreme dynamics + Ranges Contrapuntal then very thin texture
Haupstimme= most important part. There are many short, fragmented motifs.