Romantic Music Key Features
Feelings + nature inspired composers. Painted pictures + told stories with music
Wide range of dynamics ppp-fff DRAMATIC + EMOTIONAL
Used sforzandos + accents Rubato used- expressive
Chromatic harmony + Extended chords (9ths etc) create dissonance
Extended orchestras used
Piano used a LOT
Virtuostic- many cadenzas
Programme music= Descriptive music
Prelude No.15 in Db Major (Raindrop)- Chopin
Chopin was Polish. To be played in a small room. Legato. Wide range of dynamics.
In 4/4. In ternary form. Septuplets + Dectuplet used. Dominant pedal.
Section A: Lyrical melody, Acciaccatura, Db major, Sostenuto + piano, Heavy use of pedal, Continuos Ab quavers (the raindrops), Turn used (written out), Goes through Bb minor (relative)
Section B: C sharp minor (enharmonic tonic), Melody in left hand, G sharp 'raindrops' marked sotto voce, 'Raindrops' doubled in 8ves, Crescs to ff + accents, Some modulation to G sharp minor + F sharp minor
Section A1 (shorter): Db major, Chromatic turn, Smorzando (dying away)
Coda: No 'raindrops' for 2 bars (monophonic)
Bar 81 (final 2 bars): Pianissimo + ritenuto. Ends with perfect cadence.
Rubato used. Homophonic texture. Dotted rhythms. Some chromatisism.