Classical Music Key Features
Crescendos and Diminuendos used
Piano and Clarinet invented
Strings are most important section
Clear, simple structures and phrasing
Diatonic= no chromatisism
Concerto= for soloist and orchestra
Symphonies have 4 movements
Sonatas are for 1 (or 2) instrument(s)
1st Movement from Symphony No. 40 in G Minor- Moza
Mozart was Austrian. Written in 1788. To be played in a large room.
In G minor. Diatonic harmony. 4/4 throughout. Dynamic changes mostly sudden.
In sonata form: Exposition, Development, Recapitulation
No timpani. Only brass is 2 French Horns in different keys- maximises range. (Clarinets added in our version)
Mainly homophonic. Some examples of imitation + counterpoint. Many 8ve doublings.
Molto Allegro. 4 or 8 bar phrases. No introduction.
Exposition: Modulates to Bb major, piano (dynamic) at start, pedal notes from cello, circle of 5ths progression in 2nd subject. Bridge + Codetta
Development: More chromatic, starts in F sharp minor,
Recap: Passes through Eb, Fm, D. Polyphonic, violins have sequence in canon
Coda: Repeated G minor cadences