Period of Western Music : Classical Period - 1750-1830.
Composer : Wolfgang Mozart - 1756-1791
Type of Work : symphony
date of composition : 25th July 1788 in Vienna
duration : 7 mins 40s
country of origin : Austria - language: German.
The standard symphony of the Classical era
- TEMPO : fast
- STRUCTURE: sonata form (exposition, development, recapitulation)
- MOOD : lively
- TEMPO : slow
- STRUCTURE: ternary form (A-B-A; or theme and variations A-A1-A2-A3)
- MOOD : sombre
- TEMPO : moderate
- STRUCTURE: minuet and trio form (minuet, trio, minuet)
- MOOD : fairly light
- TEMPO : fast or presto - very fast
- STRUCTURE : rondo (A-B-A-C-A-D-A), sonata form; theme and variation form or ground bass.
- MOOD : lively with a feel of finality
The sonata form structure
Mozart uses sonata form for movements 1, 2 and 4 and he uses minuet and trio form for movement 3. This was unusual as there was excessive use of sonata form.
- first subject - musical idea in tonic key
- bridge passage - travels through different keys to arrive at dominant key (or the relevant major if tonic is minor)
- second subject - contrasting and lyrical musical idea in dominant key or relevant major.
- codetta - uses motifs derived from the two subjects. same key as second subject.
motifs from first and second subject are developed through:
- musical devises
- different keys
- variety of instrumentation
- variety of textures
- variety of rhythmic variations.
Mum's Kite Is Tomato Red
Very similar structure to exposition
- first subject - as heard in exposition
- bridge passage - same ideas as in exposition but travels through keys to get to tonic key.
- second subject - as heard in exposition but in tonic key
- coda - in tonic key. begins with same ideas as codetta but extends and finishes entire work with cadences.
The Classical symphony orchestra
EXPOSITION (BARS 1 - 100)
- B flat Major
- begins with 8 bar descending chromatic idea in strings.
- idea is repeated immediately in woodwind and woodwind runs are taken up by strings.
- sustained straight and syncopated chords = ambiguous tonality
- flowing quaver rhythms
- crescendo build up to forte climax + perfect cadence.
- chromatic climb in most parts with use of sforzando
- 2 bar descending quaver scalic run onto a discrete perfect cadence.