MUSIC

Symphony No. 40 in G Minor

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  • Created by: lou
  • Created on: 04-04-11 12:13

Factual Information

Period of Western Music : Classical Period - 1750-1830.

Composer          : Wolfgang Mozart - 1756-1791 

Type of Work : symphony

date of composition  : 25th July 1788 in Vienna

duration  : 7 mins 40s

country of origin  : Austria - language: German.

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The standard symphony of the Classical era

FIRST MOVEMENT 

  • TEMPO         : fast
  • STRUCTURE: sonata form (exposition, development, recapitulation)
  • MOOD           : lively

SECOND MOVEMENT

  • TEMPO          : slow
  • STRUCTURE: ternary form (A-B-A; or theme and variations A-A1-A2-A3)
  • MOOD       : sombre
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THIRD MOVEMENT

  • TEMPO          : moderate
  • STRUCTURE: minuet and trio form (minuet, trio, minuet)
  • MOOD           : fairly light

FOURTH MOVEMENT

  • TEMPO    : fast or presto - very fast
  • STRUCTURE  : rondo (A-B-A-C-A-D-A), sonata form;                               theme and variation form or ground                                 bass.
  • MOOD   : lively with a feel of finality 
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The sonata form structure

Mozart uses sonata form for movements 1, 2 and 4  and he uses minuet and trio form for movement 3.  This was unusual as there was excessive use of sonata form.

EXPOSITION

  • first subject - musical idea in tonic key
  • bridge passage - travels through different keys to arrive at dominant key (or the relevant major if tonic is minor)
  • second subject - contrasting and lyrical musical idea in dominant key or relevant major.
  • codetta - uses motifs derived from the two subjects. same key as second subject.
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DEVELOPMENT

develops exposition.

motifs from first and second subject are developed through:

  • musical devises
  • different keys
  • variety of instrumentation
  • variety of textures
  • variety of rhythmic variations.

Mum's Kite Is Tomato Red

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RECAPITULATION

Very similar structure to exposition

  • first subject - as heard in exposition
  • bridge passage - same ideas as in exposition but travels through keys to get to tonic key.
  • second subject - as heard in exposition but in tonic key
  • coda - in tonic key. begins with same ideas as codetta but extends and finishes entire work with cadences. 
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The Classical symphony orchestra

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BRASS

  • horns 
  • trumpets

PERCUSSION

  • timpani 
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EXPOSITION (BARS 1 - 100)

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SECOND SUBJECT

  • B flat Major
  • lyrical
  • begins with 8 bar descending chromatic idea in strings. 
  • idea is repeated immediately in woodwind and woodwind runs are taken up by strings. 
  • sustained straight and syncopated chords = ambiguous tonality
  • flowing quaver rhythms 
  • crescendo build up to forte climax + perfect cadence.
  • chromatic climb in most parts with use of sforzando 
  • 2 bar descending quaver scalic run onto a discrete perfect cadence.
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Comments

ben


fgsduyhrtghur

ben

dear Lou Lou

what a lovely inspirational slideshow. you can now be my buddy ;) i have no buddies so you'll be my first.

hope to see you soon,

love

Adam. ;)

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