Muscles foundation

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Serratus anterior

Medial border of scapula and 1st to 8th ribs

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pectoralis major

Medial head of clavicle, manubrium, sternum body, costal cartilages to bicipital groove  and shaft on humerus  

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External oblique

(Intercostal cartilage of 8-12th ribs, iliac crest)

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Internal oblique

(Intercostal cartilage of 8-12th ribs, iliac crest)

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Transversus abdominis

(Costal cartilages 7-12, iliac crest)

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Erector spinae

Sacrum, transverse processes of all vertebrae, occipital 

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spinous processes, occipital, acromion and spine of scapula

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Lateral part of clavicle, acromion and spine of scapula. Deltoid tuberosity of humerus 

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Latissimus dorsi

Spinous processes of inferior thoracic, lumbar and sacral vertebrae, iliac crest, bicipital groove of humerus  

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Biceps brachii

Coracoid process (scapula),

to radial tuberosity 

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Anterior surface of the humerus to coronoid process (ulna) and ulna tuberosity

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Flexor digitorum superficialis

Medial epicondyle (humerus) and superior half of anterior ulna shaft 

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Flexor carpi ulnaris

Medial epicondyle (humerus), olecranon and posterior  border of ulna to pisiform hamate and thumb 

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flexor carpi radialis

Medial epicondyle (humerus) to base of 2nd metacarpal 

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Triceps brachii

Infraglenoid tubercle of scapula, posterior surface of humerus (x2) to olecranon (ulna).

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Extensor carpi ulnaris

Lateral epicondyle (humerus) and posterior ulna border to dorsal base of 5th metacarpal 

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Extensor digitorum

Lateral epicondyle (humerus) and extensor expansions of medial four digits. 

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Extensor carpi radialis x2

Lateral epicondyle (humerus) and supra-epicondyler space ridge (humerus) to 2nd and 3rd metacarpals

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T12 and L1-5 vertebral bodies and iliac fossa to inguinal ligament to lesser trochanter (femur)

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Quadriceps femoris

All lead to quadriceps tendon which attaches to tibial tuberosity (via patella) 

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(including rectus femoris)

Anterior inferior iliac spine and acetabulum to quadriceps tendon at patella base

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Tibialis anterior

Lateral condyle and lateral surface of tibia to medial cuneiform and 1st metatarsal

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Gleutus maximus

Posterior ilium and posterior sacrum and coccyx to lateral condyle of tibia and Gluteal tuberosity (above linea aspera)

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Ischium tuberosity to linea aspera

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Lateral and medial  condyles (femur) to posterior surface of calcaneus (calcaneal tendon)

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Posterior head and surface of fibula, soleal line to posterior surface of calcaneus (calcaneal tendon)

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Adductors* (group)

Pubic bone and ischium tuberosity to linea aspera (femur) 

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