COGNITIVE Approach - Multi-store Model of Memory, Attkinson & Shiffrin

Multi-store Model of Memory, Attkinson & Shiffrin + EVALUATION

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  • Created by: sshahedab
  • Created on: 27-04-14 19:35

COGNITIVE Approach - Attkinson & Shiffrin, MMM

Encoding, storage, retrieval

  • SENSORY                    ---                          2 secs         --> lost if unattended to, trace decay
  • STM                           7 +/- 2                     30 secs        --> lost if unrehearsed, trace decay
  • LTM                           infinate                  potentially      --> retrieval cue needed, trace decay,
                                                                      forever               interference

 

+ Glanzer & Cunitz - primary & recency effect
+ Case studies (Clive Wearing)- damage to brain - unable to make long-term memories
- Cast study (Shallice & Warrington 1970) showed victim of motorbike accident able to make long-term memories even though short-term memory damaged GOES AGAINST MM
- Exps artificial so may not be valid - processing rarely isolated as tasks suggest

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