Mozart/Classical era

Mozart/Classical era

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What replaced the Harpsichord?

Piano

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Orchestra developed

Woodwind and brass sections became standard

Newly invented clarinet joined woodwind

Basso continuo was no longer used

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Basic features of classical

1750-1830.

Focus on balance proportion, order, clarity and control.

Used more than one mood throughout a peice - chnged in mood and charracter.

Use of dynamics.

Balance between structure and expressiveness and emotion.

Gracefil and regularly phrased melodic line.

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Texture

Homophonic texture - melody and accompaniment.

Melody dominated texture.

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Functional Harmony

Chords used for structural purposes

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Composers

Hadyn

Gluck

Beethoven

Weber

Mozart (1756-1791)

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Concerto

a piece for one or more soloists and orchestra with three contrasting movements

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String qaurtet

1. An ensemble of four musicians playing stringed instruments, usually two violins, a viola, and a cello. 2. A composition for such a group.

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Symphony

Large scale genre for orchestra in three or four movements

FIRST MOVEMENT

Fast Tempo and usaully in sonata form

SECOND MOVEMENT

Slow tempo and various forms are used (ternary, theme and variations)

THIRD MOVEMENT

Minuet and trio (or scherzo and trio)

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Sonata

A composition for one or more solo instruments, one of which is usually a keyboard instrument, usually consisting of three or four independent movements varying in key, mood, and tempo.

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