Mozart, Symphony No. 40 in G minor, Movement 1

 

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Structure

Sonata Form

Exposition                                      Bars 1-100 (repeated)

First subject (tonic)                        second subject (melodic dominant relay)

Development                                 Bars 101-163

Develops material, lots of different keys

Recapitulation                                Bars 164-

Repeat of exposition - ends in tonic second subject

Coda

Ends with final tutti

1 of 5

Structure

Sonata Form

Exposition                                      Bars 1-100 (repeated)

First subject (tonic)                        second subject (melodic dominant relay)

Development                                 Bars 101-163

Develops material, lots of different keys

Recapitulation                                Bars 164-

Repeat of exposition - ends in tonic second subject

Coda

Ends with final tutti

2 of 5

Key and Tonality

Key

G

Tonality

Minor

3 of 5

Dynamics

Exposition

First subject starts piano but ends forte with strong repeated woodwind chords, before robust forte passage establishes new key in bridge passage.

Second subject starts piano and then a crescendo to forte climax, leading to piano before elaborate codetta brings section to an end, alternating between piano and forte and ending with a tutti forte climax before repeating back to beginning.

Development

Throughout the development the dynamics alternate between forte and piano sections, adding to the interest of the music and contrasting ideas.

Recapitulation

Again constant alternation between forte and piano passages giving great dynamic contrast throughought the section. Starts piano.

Coda

Mostly forte, but piano for a few bars before massive forte climax to end the movement.

4 of 5

Dynamics

Exposition

First subject starts piano but ends forte with strong repeated woodwind chords, before robust forte passage establishes new key in bridge passage.

Second subject starts piano and then a crescendo to forte climax, leading to piano before elaborate codetta brings section to an end, alternating between piano and forte and ending with a tutti forte climax before repeating back to beginning.

Development

Throughout the development the dynamics alternate between forte and piano sections, adding to the interest of the music and contrasting ideas.

Recapitulation

Again constant alternation between forte and piano passages giving great dynamic contrast throughought the section. Starts piano.

Coda

Mostly forte, but piano for a few bars before massive forte climax to end the movement.

5 of 5

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