structure and tonality
Movemnt is in sonata form, in key of G minor.
- First subject: falling motif to repeated rythum played by string first.
- Second subject: melody with descending chromatic patterns played by strings and woodwind. In B flat major (relative major)
- Based on first subject, which is fragmented and devloped. Moves through keys, starts on F#.
- First and second subject: repetition of respective subjects with some variation.
- Coda: repeated perfect cadences in G minor
- Most melodies are made up of balanced, four or eight-bar question and answer phrases.
- Question phrases finish with imperfect cadences and answer pharses finish with perfect cadences.
- Many phares are scalic(based on scales).
Harmony is diatonic and functional, based round major and minor traids.
- chromatic chords eg. dimished 7th and agumentated 6th.
- circle of fiths progression.
- pedal notes in cello before second subject starts.
Rhythm, metre and tempo
- Metre is 4/4 thourghout.
- Tempo is molto allegro=very fast.
- short rythmic ideas repeated to create unity.
- rythms are fairly simple although some dotted rythms and syncopation to help keep momentum and add interest.
Texture mostly homophonic. Also examples of:
- Conterpint and imitation in devolpment.
- Octave doublings, frequently used.
- Dialouge between woodwind and strings at the start of the second subject.
- First subject is quiet apart from short passage in the middle.
- Transition is loud.
- Second subject begins quiet gets louder towards end.
- Starts and ends quietly but loud in the middle.
- Similar dynamics to the expostion.
Dynamics terressed ( occur suddenly), only a few cresendos and no dim.
Chamber orchestra- string, woodwind and horns.
- strings play most of the time. They play a vareity of material such as the melody, quick running scales,sustained notes and forcful chords.
- woodwind doesnt play as much. More sustained chords and less quick runs. Share start of the second subject with strings.
- Horns in G and Bb. This maximises the number of notes they can play between them.
- Mostly play held or repeted notes to sustain harmonies.