Mount Etna- HIC


General information

  • 3350m tall
  • Largest volcano in Europe
  • Found in Sicily, and Island of the coast of Italy 
  • It is a result of a collision between the African and Eurasian plates
  • Longest documented recorded eruptions
  • Not one single volcano, but a number of composite volcanoes which have calderas
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Types of Eruptions

  • Strombolian- short lave flows that occur mainly on the summit
  • Effusive- less frequent and are eruptions from the side of the volcano
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Secondary Features Created

  • 7km long hourse shoe Vel Del Bove
  • The natural funnel is layered with acient and recent lave flows
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Effects of Eruptions

  • A town called Zafferna is constantly threatened by the lave flow
  • Earth barriers with a ditch behind them where overflowed by lava
  • After destruction of lave tubes using explosives the volcano erupted from its flank
  • Authorities temporarily closed airports in the south of Italy as on Sicily
  • Houses on the flank sustained structural damage
  • the cable car arrival sation "Etna Sud" was damaged 
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