- Created by: TiaWickwar
- Created on: 07-01-20 09:35
Types of motivation
- Accomplishments - Athletes are more motivated to improve performance.
- Stimulation - Athletes experience the adrenaline rush making them feel good.
- Knowledge - Athletes wish to improve their knowledge to make their own performance even better.
- Being motivated by external factors such as money or trophies.
- Tangible rewards - Rewards that are physical.
- Intangible rewards - Rewards that are non physical.
Need Achievement Theory
The two categories:
- NACH (Need to achieve)
- NAF (Need to avoid failure)
- Not afraid to fail
- Are persistent
- Look for challenges
- Take risks
- Value feedback
- Are afraid to fail
- Give up easily
- Avoid challenges
- Do not want feedback
Achievement Goal Theory
The two types of orientations for success:
- Task orientation
- Ego / outcome orientation
Task orientated athletes want to improve their ability and have a significant importance on learning. They compare their own performce with their previous performance and focuses on personal improvement.
Ego / outcome orientated athletes are focused on winning and being the best. They compare their performance against other athletes and want to prove their ability to others.
Self - Determination Theory
Self determination considers:
- The motivation behind choices.
- Suggests that athletes are motivated because of their own behaviours.
- Focuses on intrinsic motivation within an athlete.
The three basic needs of humans:
- Competence - The need to successfully complete a task to the required quality.
- Relatedness - The need to have close relationships with others.
- Autonomy - The need to have control over what is happening in our lives.
Weiners attribution theory
An athelte or coach might explain success or failure in terms of three categories.
Is the reason:
Is the reason:
- Under control?
- Not under control?
Does the reason come from something: