The Main Agreements 1921- 1929
1. During the 1920's the political situation seemed to be getting better as countries worked hard to cooperate usefully.
2. There were a whole string of important agreements over issues of arms reduction and economic aid as well as a treaty where Germany accepted her new western borders.
- Washington Conference 1921-USA, Britain and France reduced size of Navies
- Rapallo Treaty 1922- Russia and Germany resumed diplomatic relations
- Geneva Protocol 1924- Tried to make countries use the league to sort out disputes
- Dawes Plan 1924- USA Plan to lend money to Germany and extended payments
- Locarno Treaties 1925- Germany agreed to western borders set at Versailles
- Kellog-Briand Pact 1928- 65 nations agreed not to use force to settle arguments
- Young Plan 1929- Reduced reparations by 75% gave Germany 59 years to pay
There seemed to be a Real Chance of Peace
1. The Washington Conference showed that some countries were determined to begin a process of weapons reduction.
2. The Geneva Protocol seemed to be strengthening the League.
3. The Dawes Plan and the Young Plan were helping Germany to recover- this would create increased trade and cooperation.
4. The Locarno Treaties suggested that Germany was at last prepared to accept the terms of the Versailles Treaty- the Germans joined the League of Nations in 1926.
5. The Kellogg-Briand Pact seemed to be a step towards lasting peace.
But all of these Agreements had Problems
1. After the Washington Conference, nobody wanted to reduce arms further- the League had failed in its disarmament plans. Defeated countries were angry they had been forced to disarm.
2. The benefits of the Dawes and Young Plans were wiped out by the economic Depression which was soon to affect everybody.
3. Countries began to make agreements without the League of Nations because they didn't trust it to be effective- France made treaties with several countries because it didn't trust Germany. The Locarno Treaties had nothing to do with the League of Nations.
4. Germany agreed to its Western Borders at Locarno, but nothing was said about the East- worrying Czechoslovakia and Poland.
5. No-one knew what'd happen if a country broke the Kellogg-Briand Pact.