- wanted Italian support against the threat of Germany.
- Dollfus: set up anti-Nazi right wing authoritarian regime in Austria.
- Troops taken into Austria to ward off attack.
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Stresa Front 1935.
- Britain, France and Italy protest over German rearmament: went against the Treaty of Versailles.
- Resisted activites against peace.
- Mussolini took role of major European statesman.
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- Higer profits and new products: but cost 2 years normal spending and started spiralling state debt.
- Only 3,500 families moved there: failed to provide trade/settlement opportunity.
- League of nations: Italian people supported the war and donated gold rings - however, war divided public opinion and promoted racism.
- Neither British nor French opposed too vigorously, but it deteriorated relations between Italy and UK/France.
- Only 1500 men lost out of 400,000 men: but early use of Fascist Militia ineffective.
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Spanish Civil War 1936-39
- Italy supplied 100s of artillery tanks, transport, and 100,000 'volunteers'
- Wanted to have a greater influence in the Mediterranean, to cultivate an ally, to prevent left-wing influences in Spain, and to gain an ally.
- Mussolini also wanted to keep up with his image of a mighty Italy.
- However, the war 'bled Italy white'. It cost half a year's tax revenue, and the lira was devalued.
- It used up much-needed weapons and ammunition.
- Made the government unpopular.
- Unprepared for major war in 1939.
- Italy gained little of real value.
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