- Monserrat is a small island in the Carribean, which is still a British Colony.
- It is mountaneous and wooded, named 'The Emerald Island'.
- It's capital is Plymouth.
- The inhabitants are quite poor and live in small villages; they practice subsistence farming.
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- Before the eruption; 12,000 people (50%) lived in the capital city.
- In July 1995 the Southfire Hills erupted for the 1st time in 350 Years.
- 50% of the inhabitants were evacuated.
- In April 1996 eruptions continued...
- In June 1997 another eruption destroyed villages in the island centre - 23 people died.
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Primary; Immediate impact - death, loss of homes, crops or animals.
- Villages were destroyed; people lost lives, homes and livestock.
- Plymouth was evacuated therefore unpopulated and became 'A Ghost Town.'
- Of 40square miles only 15, in the North were safe for people to be evacuated to: The North was much less developed than the South.
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Secondary; After effects - loss of trade, tourism, need to rebuild and high stress levels.
- People were stranded in the North as there was little communication and transport.
- Tourism stopped, other industries became restricted.
- It relied heavily upon support from London, as people became more anxious rioting began.
- People were living in 'make-shift' houses.
- The airport closed.
- Loss to the economy restricted trade.
- (Poor sanitation and health leads to spread in diseases such as Cholera).
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Short & Medium/Long Term Effects
Short Term Effects:
- Aid was sent.
- Homes and areas of land were lost.
- Plymouth was destroyed.
- Britain was relied upon for aid.
- People over 18 recieved £2400 to stay in Monserrat.
- £41m of aid was offered for relocation of refugees and redevelopment.
Medium/Long Term Effects:
- The rebuilding and redevelopment of the areas and settlements.
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