Monasteries

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Cultural Effects

  • Agricultural vandalism
  • Monastic buildings were deliberately destroyed
  • Treasures broken or sold
  • Library books destroyed
  • Buildings were used as quarries
  • Stone was robbed or mined
  • Many monasteries fell down
  • Some monasteries bought by local communities to be used as parish churches or agricultural purposes
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Religious Effects

  • 8,000 monks and friars made unemployed - although 1500 of them found jobs
  • Moat heads of monastic houses and priests received pensions costing the Treasury £44,000 a year
  • 2,000 nuns became unemployed
    Abbots lost seats in parliament - reduce influence in government
  • Less people wanted religious jobs
  • 6 monastic churches became new cathedrals - Bristol Oxford and Westminister
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Social Effects

  • Increase in poverty
  • Valor Ecclesiasticus claimed that only 2% of their income was donated to poor
  • No places of refuge or shelter for travellers and pilgrims
  • End of care for sick and needy
  • End of monastic education
  • Destruction of many communities
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Economic Effects

  • Henry's income doubled through the renting and sale of his ne land
  • By 1603, most of land gained had been sold
  • Increase in number of landowners
  • Merchants were now able to purchase land
  • Landowners were ruthless; what had previously been used as public land was now enclosed and used for private use
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