- Created by: mrevv
- Created on: 18-02-20 10:00
The feudal system
- England tended to expel earls like Tosig instead of fight them like William did.
- William- tenants in chief- tenants using subinfeudation
- Oaths made all bindings legal and formal.
- Since he had conquered all of England William owned everything.
- He started to introduce the knight tax quickly/slowly depending on sources
- Apart from Harold's land, William gained feifs after death or confiscation and its redistribution depended upon past customs and the circumstances.
- Many quotas were based on pre-conquest obligations- one man or payment per 5 hides.
- Feudal service became the scutage tax to buy mercenaries instead.
1 of 4
- Barons, bishops, abbots, earls and archbishops were tenants in chief.
- William's inner circle of 11 had 1/4 of all land- tenants in chief had 3/4. The church had 1/4.
- His inner circle included William fitz Osbern, Roger of Montgomery, Odo of Bayeux and Robert of Mortain. Land was given for knights (servitium debtium).
- Around 4-5k men could be raised, the church was exempt.
- Tenants could give knights fiefs or let them live in his household.
- Elite knights worked for lords such as fitzOsbern, who annoyed William since he had too many men. Private armies also started to develop in elite houses.
- Symbolic acts such as oath taking, dubbing and giving armour and arms made a knight a vassal.
2 of 4
- First act at Hastings was a to build a castle.
- Motte and bailey used an earth mound, wooden tower, ditch and wooden palisades.
- Exeter, York, Durham, Lincon, Nottingham and Cambridge had castles.
- The Welsh borders used castles to penetrate it. Geopolitically important locations..
- This concentrated troops, created seiges instead of open battles, and gave unorganised rebels a disadvantage. Important magnates were given castles- fitz Osbern at York.
- Opressive stratergy, 80 by 1100, mostly built by demolishing homes.
- Signalled psychological opression and permenance
3 of 4
- All William's men wanted land- 5-6k soliders.
- Knight's service was added into the existing thegn-housecarl agreements.
- Feudalism was adapted from existing concepts. Harold had gathered a fjord.
- Barons had to build castles on their land and protect it. But, William controlled thier building.
- Odo of Bayeux had land next to the coast. His more loyal followers had more important areas.
- Primogeniture had not developed yet, but land was often kept in families.
- William kept control with 17% of the land, worth £12.5k.
- He wanted to stop earl rebellions like Godwine's.
4 of 4