MIGRATION CASE STUDY - POLAND TO UK

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  • Created by: Lucy
  • Created on: 26-04-13 13:12

Push and Pull Factors

-As the UK is now part of the EU, people from any other EU country have the right to come here
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Between 2004 and 2007 half a million poles came here

PUSH FACTORS
-High unemployment – 19% in 2004
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Low wages – average income in EU three times higher than that of Poland
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Low housing availability – 300 houses per 1000 people

PULL FACTORS
-Easy migration – no restrictions
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Good exchange rate, £1 worth a lot in Poland, so they often sent money back to Poland from UK
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Plenty of better paid jobs – labour shortage of tradesmen – eg plumbers etc

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Effects

Social
UK- Population increased, lots of migrants at reproductive age. Increased tax receipts helped ageing population pension problems
Poland- population decreased by 0.3% between 2003 and 2007. Birth rate also fell as workers of reproductive age left

Economic UK- Loses out, as a lot of the money earnt is sent back to Poland, not spent here
Poland- Helps economy as money arrives and is spent. However shortage of labour, less work done, economy doesn’t grow so much.

Cultural - UK -Polish shops opening up, Catholic church goers increases as many poles are Catholics.
Polital - UK-
Immigration policy become stricter for other countries – eg Bulgaria

-In 2008 lots of migrants going back to Poland – economy of UK shrinking, less jobs available, exchange rate not so good. Polish economy growing, more jobs available.

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