Migration Case Studies

Migration flows into Europe

Before 1960 Europe contained zero net migration. During the 1960s emigration exceeded immigration until 1970s where the trend was reversed. Net immigration into the EU is estimated to have been 1.7 million in the 2005 which was slightly lower than previous years.

Most migrate to Spain, Italy, Germany and UK. The population of some countries in Europe is decreasing however migration effects this as when migrants they increase the population size, also migrants usually have a higher fertility rate due to their younger age. Around 5.5% of the total population is foreign-born residents in Europe.

Migration flow patterns relate to history, many countries in europe had colonies, after the colonies got their independence they could apply for passports from them “mother” country or work permits.


Migration Case Studies

Migration flows within Europe

More than half of the migrants to EU come from other countries within the EU. Since the EU was created the borders between member countries have been relaxed. Every person within the EU is able to more freely within. Many movements are not recorded however it is know that a large group of migrants left the 10 countries which joined the EU in 2004 migrated into the UK.Between May 2004 and June 2006 427,000 workers from eight EU accession states successfully got a job in the UK. 62% of migrants were Polish. BY 2009, 700,000 Poles were working in the UK.

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