Background information and statistics
- More Polish long-term migrants came to the UK in 2005 than citizens of any other country.
- 49,000 migrated into the UK in 2005, almost 3 times the total of 17,000 in 2004.
- The proportion of Poles within the A8 group migrating into the UK for at least a year increased from about 35% in 2004 to over 70% in 2005.
- An estimated 64,000 more A8 citizens migrated into the UK for at least a year and left in 2005, compared with 49,000 in 2004.
1 of 5
Causes and effects of Polish migration to the UK
- Unemployment rate averaged at 18.2% in 2005 and the UK unemployment rate was only 5.1%/
- The UK was one of the only three countries in the EU that did not restrict immigration.
- The annual GDP per head in 2006 for Poland was $12,700 compared to $30,900 in the UK.
- Young Poles with high levels of education faced youth unemployment rate of over 40%.
- There were large scale migrations to areas in the UK that had not experienced this before which caused tension- petrol bombed, anti-Polish grafiti.
- Some Polish migrants were exploited by employers and employment agenciees in the UK.
- Filled skill shortages.
- Helped prevent rapid rise in oil prices.
- Skilled labour force at a reduced cost.
- Country of origin- Decreased population, money sent home improved health and education facilities, disproportionate number of females left behind.
2 of 5
Impact of Syrian refugees on Lebanon
Causes of the impact:
- Willing to work for less.
- The war in Syria has become more protracted, there has been increasing tension between the communities.
- Syrians can share housing with many people, and so can afford rents that the Lebanese cannot.
- Different levels of ability in schools.
- Population has doubled in some towns.
- Pressure on health services,educational services.
- Waste management is not enough to cope.
- Many Syrian children have missed out on school for a long time and are struggling to catch up; Lebanese children feel left out as they do not get attention from teachers.
- Space issues in schools.
3 of 5
Impact of Syrian refugees on Jordan
Causes of impact:
- They have relatives in common but there are still differences in customs and traditions.
- Willing to work for less money.
- Dowries (a nice home or appartment for the woman they would like to marry)- Syrian women will accept a smaller dowry in order to marry a Jordanian man who maybe cannot provide quite as much in terms of a place to live. Syrian women are getting the men.
- Jordanian men cannot earn enough money to provide a dowry so marriage is delayed.
- Tensions in smaller villages as Syrian men 'wear shorts' which isn't tradition.
- Jordan is 'water poor' - Syrians don't conserve water as well.
4 of 5
Impact of Syrian refugees on Turkey
Causes of impact:
- Going to Hatay Province.
- Lots of kinship ties, lots of social networks, lots of social capital between these areas.
- Created refugee camps.
- Coming out of the Turkish budget.
- Not stripped of dignity as they can leave at any time.
5 of 5