Migration case studies

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Background information and statistics

  • More Polish long-term migrants came to the UK in 2005 than citizens of any other country. 
  • 49,000 migrated into the UK in 2005, almost 3 times the total of 17,000 in 2004.
  • The proportion of Poles within the A8 group migrating into the UK for at least a year increased from about 35% in 2004 to over 70% in 2005.
  • An estimated 64,000 more A8 citizens migrated into the UK for at least a year and left in 2005, compared with 49,000 in 2004.
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Causes and effects of Polish migration to the UK

Causes:

  • Unemployment rate averaged at 18.2% in 2005 and the UK unemployment rate was only 5.1%/
  • The UK was one of the only three countries in the EU that did not restrict immigration.
  • The annual GDP per head in 2006 for Poland was $12,700 compared to $30,900 in the UK.
  • Young Poles with high levels of education faced  youth unemployment rate of over 40%.

Effects:

  • There were large scale migrations to areas in the UK that had not experienced this before which caused tension- petrol bombed, anti-Polish grafiti. 
  • Some Polish migrants were exploited by employers and employment agenciees in the UK.
  • Filled skill shortages.
  • Helped prevent rapid rise in oil prices.
  • Skilled labour force at a reduced cost.
  • Country of origin- Decreased population, money sent home improved health and education facilities, disproportionate number of females left behind.
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Impact of Syrian refugees on Lebanon

Causes of the impact:

  • Willing to work for less.
  • The war in Syria has become more protracted, there has been increasing tension between the communities.
  • Syrians can share housing with many people, and so can afford rents that the Lebanese cannot.
  • Different levels of ability in schools.

Effects:

  • Population has doubled in some towns.
  • Pressure on health services,educational services.
  • Waste management is not enough to cope.
  • Many Syrian children have missed out on school for a long time and are struggling to catch up; Lebanese children feel left out as they do not get attention from teachers.
  • Space issues in schools.
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Impact of Syrian refugees on Jordan

Causes of impact:

  • They have relatives in common but there are still differences in customs and traditions.
  • Willing to work for less money. 

Effects:

  • Dowries (a nice home or appartment for the woman they would like to marry)- Syrian women will accept a smaller dowry in order to marry a Jordanian man who maybe cannot provide quite as much in terms of a place to live. Syrian women are getting the men.
  • Jordanian men cannot earn enough money to provide a dowry so marriage is delayed.
  • Tensions in smaller villages as Syrian men 'wear shorts' which isn't tradition.
  • Jordan is 'water poor' - Syrians don't conserve water as well.
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Impact of Syrian refugees on Turkey

Causes of impact:

  • Going to Hatay Province.
  • Lots of kinship ties, lots of social networks, lots of social capital between these areas.

Effects:

  • Created refugee camps.
  • Coming out of the Turkish budget.
  • Not stripped of dignity as they can leave at any time.
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