Migration

Internatioal migration causing inequalities

Global Migration causes inequalities in the following ways:

  • countries of origin lose a proportion of the young, vibrant and fittest element of the labour force. this may contribute to a downward economic spiral at local, regional and national scales
  • often it is the better educated that migrate. this reresents a 'brain drain' and loss of human resources in the country of origin
  • the demographic selectiveness of international migration causes redistribution of the population of reproductive age. this influences crude birth rates in countries of origin (decline) and destination (growth)
  • migrant remittances can increase inequality between families who receive them and those who do not within a local area
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Internatioal migration causing conflicts

Global Migration causes conflicts in the following ways:

  • social conflict can develop between host communities and 'newcomers'. people of a particular culture or ethnic origin may find it difficult integrating, perhaps because of language
  • immigrant populations, especially if concentrated in specific areas, can place pressure on service provision such as education, health, and housing, in the host country
  • international borders can be areas of conflict between border control authorities and human traffickers and illegal immigrants
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International Migration causes Injustices

Global migration causes injustices in the following ways:

  • migrants are vulnerable to violation of their human rights because of forced labour, exploitation of women and children and human trafficking
  • treatment of asylum seekers can include being held in detention centres, not being allowed to work, being supported on meagre financial resources for food, sanitation and clothing for the duration of their application
  • the plight of refugees in terms of shelter, food, water, medicines and safety, including the possibility of return to their country of origin where risks are high
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Advanced Country Case Study 1

UK- Gladstone Primary, Peterborough

  • there are more than 100 languages spoken, no one has English as their first, more than 1/3 have it as their second
  • about 80% of its pupils are from a Pakistani background
  • 18 teaching assistants, one for each class

just over 1 million primary and secondary school pupils spoke a first language other than English in 2012.

On average, 1/6 primary school pupils in 2012 spoke another language at home

Report written by the London school of economics and political science 2016, ‘Brexit and the impact of immigration on the UK’. international immigration in fact created more jobs opportunities. Help reduce budget deficit by paying more in taxes than they take out in welfare and the use of public services

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