- Sodium in the form of Sodium Chloride is Salt which is found in food and the body.
-According to British Nutrition Foundation average intake of salt is:
~ 11g a day = men and 8.1g a day = women, when reccomendation is 6g.
- Work is underway to reduce amount of salt in foods, however public have a huge part to play at 20% of salt is used in the home.
Sources of Sodium
- food containing high amounts: bacon, sausages, pies, meaty products, kippers, smoked fish, butter, margarine, canned veg, bread and breakfast cereals.
- A lot also added in the home during cooking.
Functions of Sodium:
- Sodium and Potassium are involved in the transmission of nerve impulses and muscle contractions.
- Regulate body water content and electrolyte balance.
Symptoms of deficiency: - muscle cramps
- heat exhaustion= loss of sodium when doing a lot of exercise and sweating too much.
Symptoms of excess: - high blood pressure which can lead to heart disease or strokes.
- Young children and babies cannot have excessive salt as their kidneys are not developed enough to cope.