- Alternate between high and low intensity training
- Periods of recovery/rest
- 400m fast jog, 200m slow jog, 400m fast jog, 200m slow jog etc.
- Middle distance runners (1500m)
- Anaerobic exercise (without oxygen)
- Therefore you become less reliant on oxygen.
- Aerobic work becomes easier
- Work for a long time without rest
- Continuous pace (steady state)
- Eg. at least 30 minute run over consistent terrain.
- Long distance runner
- Games player who plays for a long time (eg. Footballer)
- Aerobic exercise supplies enough oxygen to the working muscles
- Aerobic exercise improves your CV fitness
- Variation of speed and terrain.
- Run, walk or cycle.
- Run up and down steps/ sprint at 50% speed, 75% then 100% speed.
- Games person (football, rugby etc)
- Any person who has to be able to change pace/direction.
- Improves both anaerobic and aerobic fitness.
- Performing a set of exercises specific to sport/component of fitness.
- Different activity at each station
- Any type of performer
- It can be easily adapted to suit anyone
- Can be designed to improve agility, balance, speed, muscular endurance etc.
Weight/ Resistance Training
Weight/ Resistance Training
- Using weights to build up muscles
- Improves muscular endurance (high reps, low weight)
- Improves muscular strength (low reps, high weight)
- Boxers, Rugby players - anyone in contact sports who needs to be strong.
- Improves muscular endurance, strength and power.
Principles of Training - SPORTIR
S - Specificity
P - Progressive
O - Overload
R - Rest/ Recovery
T - Threshold
I - Individual Needs
R - Reversibility
Matching training to requirement of your activity
Swimmers would train in water whereas footballers would train on grass.
Improves only the muscle groups necessary
Gradual increase of training intensity
Improves fitness without risk of injury
If you don't progress, you will not improve your fitness - no challenge
Training harder than you normally do
Linked with Progressive
You shouldn't overload too fast or you risk injuries
You need rest in order for your muscles to recover
When you work your muscles, the fibres rip.
When you rest, they repair, making them stronger.
Without rest, they wouldnt have enough time to repair themselves.
You can risk injury if you over-work yourself.
Training within your target zone
Max Heart Rate: 220 - age
Aerobic Threshold: (220 - age) x 60-80%
Anaerobic Threshold: (220 - age) x 80+%
Below 60%, you do not improve fitness.
Be sure to train at the correct threshold for your sport.
Make sure that your training is relevant to your age, gender, ability
A 30 year old male professional athlete would have a different training programme to a 15 year amateur girl.
Doing a training session above your fitness level can cause injury.
If you stop training, you lose any progress you have made.
Taking a long break or not training often enough reverses any positive adaptations made.
However, you should still limit the amout you do - too much can cause injury.
F - Frequency: How often you train
I - Intensity: How hard you train
T - Time - How long you train for
T - Type - The type of activity you are doing
To increase fitness, you should increase at least one of these gradually over your training programme.