Metallic Bonding

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Metallic Bonding

KEY POINTS ABOUT METALLIC BONDING:

  • Metals consist of a giant structure
  • Metallic bonds involve 'free electrons'. These delocalised electrons come from the outer shell of every metal atom in the structure
  • These electrons are free to move through the whole structure and so metals are good conductors of heat and electricity
  • These electrons hold the atoms in a regular stucture
  • There are stong forces of electrostatic attraction between the positive metal ions and the negative electrons
  • They also allow the layers of atoms to slide over each other, allowing metals to be bent and shaped

REMEMBER: ALLOYS ARE HARDER THAN PURE METALS BECAUSE WHEN ANOTHER METAL IS MIXED WITH A PURE METAL, THE NEW METAL WILL DISTORT THE LAYERS OF METAL ATOMS, MAKING IT MORE DIFFICULT FOR THEM TO SLIDE OVER EACH OTHER. SO ALLOYS ARE HARDER!

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