Result of Mental Preparatation
- Control Emotions
- Enable you to play sport and exercise fairly
- Help you cope with stress
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Methods of Mental Preparation
- Relaxation - thinking calm thoughts to try and relax before taking a penalty in football
- Focusing - being focused when about tp perform a gymnastics routine
- Raising Confidence - a hockey captain giving a half-time talk to the team.
- Controlling arousal - calming down before a sprint race
- Not getting over-excited - trying to calm down before a football match
- Not critising others - If a team mate misses a penalty you encourage them
- Show etiquette or sportsmanship - clapping your opponent when they play a good tennis match.
- Using imagery or mental rehersal - a netball player visualises shooting at the goal before she shoots
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- Relaxation helps a performer be calm and focus before a performance.
- The more physically relaxed you can get, the more mentally relaxed you can be.
- However you don't want to be too relaxed becasue you often need to react quiclkly and dynamically.
- Relaxation exercises can be very useful before you attempt to train yourself in mental exercises such as imagery.
- Relaxation skills need to be practised for them to be achieved/effective.
- Controlling the heart rate by relaxation methods can make us feel more positive about performing.
- Imagery can help with relaxation and improve concentration and confidence.
- e.g. a netball player visualises shooting at the goal before she shoots.
- Self-Talk helps self-confidence and raises levels of aspiration.
- It is a technique that involves the participant in a physical activity being positive about past experiences and future efforts by talking to themselves.
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