Methods of memory
When trying to memorise something, we can use the following methods:
- Picturing - attaching a name to an item
- Linking things into groups, such as creating a story
- Thinking back - rehearsal
- Relate an item to somebody we know e.g Robyn has a red top
- Mental image, photographic memory
To remember something we must follow these steps:
- Store it in our sensory memory
- Rehearse it so it enters our short term memory or if we rehearse further, our Long term memory
- Translate, encode into 'brain language'
- Then to recall you must decode
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The multi-store model of memory
- Miller measured the capacity of the short term memory.
- Miller discovered the short term memory can hold 7 units of information. Millers 7-+2.
CRAIK AND LOCKHART 1972
- Craik and Lockhart studied the processes involved in memory.
- They discovered Miller's explanation was to simple and how we memorise things affects where in our memory they go.
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Atkinson and Shiffrin
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