Meiosis

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Diploid.

-Normal adult cells of most eukaryotes contain TWO SETS OF CHROMOSOMES.

-Their GENOME consists of pairs of HOMOLOGOUS chromosomes, each containing the same genes but not necessarily the same versions (alleles) of each gene. 

-During meiosis, one member of each homologous pair goes into each daughter cell. 

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Haploid.

-The resulting DAUGHTER CELLS.

-Each contains only ONE SET of chromosomes.

-They are NOT GENETICALLY IDENTICAL to each other because each pair of homologous chromosomes separates into haploid cells independently of all others.

-The haploid daughter cells will DIFFER because they contain PARTICUALAR ALLELES of each gene found on the members of the homologous pairs they recieve. 

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Important differences between mitosis and meiosis.

-Meiosis produces cells containing HALF the number of chromosomes.

-Meiosis produces cells that are genetically DIFFERENT from each other, and from the parent cell.

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