-Normal adult cells of most eukaryotes contain TWO SETS OF CHROMOSOMES.
-Their GENOME consists of pairs of HOMOLOGOUS chromosomes, each containing the same genes but not necessarily the same versions (alleles) of each gene.
-During meiosis, one member of each homologous pair goes into each daughter cell.
-The resulting DAUGHTER CELLS.
-Each contains only ONE SET of chromosomes.
-They are NOT GENETICALLY IDENTICAL to each other because each pair of homologous chromosomes separates into haploid cells independently of all others.
-The haploid daughter cells will DIFFER because they contain PARTICUALAR ALLELES of each gene found on the members of the homologous pairs they recieve.
Important differences between mitosis and meiosis.
-Meiosis produces cells containing HALF the number of chromosomes.
-Meiosis produces cells that are genetically DIFFERENT from each other, and from the parent cell.