Megacity: Mumbai

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Mumbai is India's commercial capital

  • Mumbai provides 33% of India's entire tax revenue 
  • 40% of international flights to India land in Mumbai
  • It is the home of Bollywood and racks in large amounts of revenue from the films produced there
  • The rents in the heart of the city exceed London and New York (the standard of living!)

It aids India's growth presently and continues to help for its future:

  • 200,000 high end service sector jobs in the finacial industry, healthcare and entertainment helps India's GDP grow by 3% per year
  • 500,000 jobs in construction, retail and tourism and recreation raising the GDP by 3% 
  • Its range of skills in services is increasing, from call centres, solving cimputer problems globally, to film animation. In addition, scientific and educational research, publishing and micro-surgery techniques are being developed for the world currently in Mumbai
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Why is it growing so quickly?

Urban Pull

  • Growth in outsourcing jobs (obtaining goods by contract from an outside suppler) 
  • Better quality of life (more money and is safer)
  • Better housing (is both more steardy and cleaner)
  • Better paid jobs (hence the higher GDP)
  • Better services (better shops and more transport)

Rural Push

  • Lack of services (no shops and poor infrastructure)
  • Lack of investment (poor quality of life means no outward invest from both TNC's or local companies)
  • Droughts and foods (the constant monsoons that plague rural India is no-stop)
  • Rural poverty (only jobs out there are primary and combine this with the low unemployment and low in services means increasing poverty)
  • Low pay (big companies don't invest so only income is that from farming)

Background Factors

  • Cities are a global hub (they are were the youth want to go and are more connected to the world)
  • Communications increase to urban opportunities (this is because they are global hubs!)
  • Global investment goes to urban centres (TNC's see potential and cheaper labour so invest)
  • The development of technology (As it is the front for micro-technology it is advance in the medical sector and will sell these skills and equipment to the rest of the world)  
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Mumbai or Slumbai?

  • One million people live in Dharavi, the slums on the outskirts of Mumbai, in close-knit communities
  • Most of the work is informal (meaning it is cash in hand, self employed and sometimes dangerous)
  • Although this place is illegal it is too large to be taken down and too many people live there
  • It has shown it is sustainable as it can support itself through it's clothing, pottery and recycling industry
  • Mumbai is keen to be the next Shangai. Shanghai has been the major centre of investment andgrowth in Mumbai's is keen to follow in its footsteps. Although it wants to be like Shanghai, 60% of Mumbais population is living in poverty
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