Prehistoric to Roman Time Medicine
Prehistory - the time before written records
Countries; Acient Greece, Egypt and Rome
Main beliefs; The different Gods, the Four Humours (Black Bile, Yellow Bile, Phlegm and Blood) and bad/evil spirits were believed to be the cause of disease.
#Hippocrates (Came up with four humour theory)
#Aristotle (Developed the theory and linked disease to it
#Galen (Believed in four humours and then developed it)
The Middle Ages (Medival times)
The time of the Dark Ages - The period in western Europe between the fall of the Roman Empire and the high Middle Ages, 500–1100 AD, during which. A period of supposed unenlightenment.
~Barbarians faith and superstiton swept across Europe
~The church had a big influence on medievel medicine since they believed that illness was a punishment for sins and in oder to cure them they needed to pray and do things to show you were sorry.
~Medicine was dominated by the Four Humours theory and doctors followed the Greek and Roman practice,
~Public health measures were non - existent
~There were some new developments such as, human disection being approved, urine sampling etc.
The Medical Renaissance
The period of general changes in thought, art, technology and printing. The time where plague got worse due to war and hit London in 1665.
Important people ;
Vesalius - very important man who wrote books on anatomy.
Pare - barber surgeon forced to improvise, invented ligatures.
Harvey- the man who discovered the circulation of the blood.
~The two doctors could only observe dead human hearts, meaning it was badly understood then before Harvey made his discovery.
~Changes in hospitals lead to spritual healers.
The Industrial Revolution
The time where quite a few turning points to medicine occcured due to important discoveries been made.
Jenner (1749) - Discovered vaccination, by injecting the disease of cow pox into people with smallpox cure them.
Pasteur (1857) -First to suggest that germks caused disease by fermenting industrial alcohol.
Koch (1800's) - Used dyes to identify microbes and prove Pasteur's theory right. He linked diseases to the micorbes which caused them such as anthranx spores, septicaemia microbes and much more.
Ehrhlich - Found a chemical treatment for Syphilis. He discovered dyes that could kill malaria and sleeping sickness germs.
Fleming - discovered the first antibiotic Penicillin
Dogmagk - found a dye that stopped Streptococci.