Medicine in c1350

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the four humours

ancient greeks believed everyone had a mix of the four humours.

they believed people became ill when the humours were unbalanced.

in order to make people better, they tried to balance the humours.

this was believed until the medieval times

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theory of the opposities

in 200 AD a doctor named GALEN believed in the four humours.

he believed that inorder to balance the four humours, you give the patient the opposite of their symptoms.

example: if you had too much phlegm (what you get when you have a COLD) you get them to eat HOT peppers.

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the christian church (card 1)

Christian church had great influence over medicine.

people believed God made them ill. 

Because he was displeased with them/ testing their faith.

It held back medical research - people didn't need a rational explanation.

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the christian church (card 2)

HOWEVER the church also taught to follow jesus' example and care for the sick.

Monasteries housed most books and the church controlled education - only theories approved by the church were taught.

Galen's theories were approved by the church. He agreed that the body had a soul and that all parts were created by God and had to work together.

The church discouraged dissections and did not approve with people challenging idea and authority.

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medical training

during the 12th century universities set up medical schools.

Physicians were trained.

Most teachings were theory and done through books, rather than practical.

Books were mostly Galen's ideas.

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