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- Created on: 27-10-18 20:07
Who treated the sick?
- Barber Surgeons
- Wise Women
- Monks in monastries
- Trained doctors
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Types of treatments.
- Clinical observation
- Balancing the four humours
- Checking the position of stars
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- Lacking scientific knowledge
- Medical training involved reading Church approved texts
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Influence of Hippocratates.
- Emphasisis the importance of clinical observation
- Therory of the Four Humours and the need to balance them.
- Bleeding was a popular treatment.
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The Four Humours.
- Yellow Bile
- Black Bile
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Influence of Galen
- Dissected animals
- Believed in design theory
- Church banned people from questioning his work
- Gladiator School allowed him to develop his techniques
- He stressed the importance of of listening to a patients pulse
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Influence of the Church.
- Taught that illness was sent as a punishment from God
- Controlled universities
- Banned human dissection
- Recommended pilgramages
- Arrested monk Roger Bacon for suggesting that doctors should do orignial research and not trust old books
- Set up over 700 hospitals
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Function of Hospitals.
- Mainly a place for people to rest and recover
- Linked to monastries
- Monks provided nursing care
- Offered herbal treatments
- Had phsyic gardens
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How Islamic medicine was more advanced than the We
- Islamic doctors wrote medical texts- spread to Britain via crusaders and trade
- Avicenna wrote the Canon of Medicine which remained as an important text
- It listed the medical properties of 760 differnt drugs
- Hospitals treated patients and trained doctors
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Medieval surgical procedures.
- Anasthetics included: mandrake root, opium and hemlock. Too much could kill
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John of Arderene
- Famous surgeon
- Surgical manual was based on Greek and Arab knowlege and his experience of warfare.
- Specialised in anal absesses
- Developed a painkilling ointment made from opium and hemlock- helped healing and stopped the need for cauterisation.
- Urged doctors to trust their own judement not rely on texts
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How warfare helped surgeons.
- Enanled surgeons to seal wounds more effectively
- Carry out quicker amputations
- New tools. Arrow cup- remove an arrow head without further damage
- Improved ointments like John of Arderne's painkiller
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Main public health problems.
- Poor sanitation
- Regulations tended to be very ineffective- not the job of the monarch
- Streets were very dirty
- Sesspits could overflow into the road and the rivers
- Butchers dumped chemicals and wate blood into the rivers
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Signs of Progress.
- Coventry became proactive in cleaning up their streets
- Waste disposal sites were established outside of towns
- Latrines were moved away from streams
- Bath houses were introduced
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Why did monasteries have superior public health sy
- Fresh water supplies were considered a priority when deciding the sites of monasteries
- Fresh water was piped to wash rooms and sewers took away dirty water
- Kitchens were built away from toilets
- Monks had to bathe every month
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What caused the black death?
- Began in Asia- travelled aloung trade routs reaching England in 1348
- Combination of bubonic (spread by fleas and ratsa) and pneumonic plague ( spread by coughing and close contact)
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Believes of what caused the black death.
- Punishment from God
- Caused by the alignments of the planets
- Blamed on Jewish people poisoining the wells
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Why did the Black Death spread so quickly?
- Dirty streats encouraged rats
- Insufficent wate disposal
- Very few regualtions and ignorance of germs
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Prevention methods of the black death
- Flagellants whipped themselves
- Church organised special services to ask for God's forgiveness
- Normal people prayed
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Treatments for the black death
- Cleaned up the streets
- Quarantine was attempted
- Bleeding was used to treat victims
- Some drank mercury which was poisonous
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Impact of the Black Death.
- In Britain 1.5m died between 1348-1350
- Thosw who did survive demanded higher wages and better treatments for their lords
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