Very long shot/wide shot: this shot is often used at the beginning of a film or sequence and acts as an establishing shot, showing where the action is taking place.
Figures appear small in the landscape.
Long shot: A shot in which a figure can be seen from head to toe
Mid shot: Shows the figure from the waist to the head. The character is easily recognisable, but you can also see what they are doing with their hands
Medium close-up: From cheast to head
Big close up: Head only, used when expressions are important
Extreme close up: From just above the eyebrows to just below the mouth, or even closer.
Other terms for shots
Point of view shot: A shot from a characters point of view. We are positioned as the character
Two shot: Any shot with two people in it
Reaction shot:A shot showing a character's response to a piece of action or dialogue
Over-the-shoulder shot: A shot in which we see a character over another's shoulder often used in interviews or dialogues
Camera Positions and camera movements
Low angle shots: Shot taken from below
High angle shot: Shot taken from above
Track: Moving the camera itself towards, alongside or away from the subject, or to follow a moving subject
Hand-held shot: Shaky and wobbly camer, no tripod. Convays a sense of immediacy or naturalism.
Pan: Pivoting the camera to a side to scan a scene or follow a moving subject. The camera remains stationary
Arc: A 360degree trip around the subject