Media key terms

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Media language

  • Audience - a group of consumers for whom the text was constructed for as well as anyone who is exposed to the text
  • Audience theory - destination of the text
  • Representation - process by which constructed media stands for, symbolises, describes or represents people, places, events or ideas that are real
  • Mis-en-scene - what the stage looks like
  • Montage - collection of symbolically-related images cut together in a way that suggests relationships
  • Foley artists - sound and effects are added after the filming
  • Diegetic - on set
  • Non-diegetic - added later
  • Preferred reading - making connoations that the producer intended
  • Oppositional reading - making different connotations
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Shot types

  • Establishing / wide shot - shows location, setting and landscape
  • Medium shot - 1 - 6 actors, shows intraction between characters
  • Close-up - gives meaning and shows emotion
  • Extreme close-up - focused on one point for emphasis
  • Point of view - gives a view of one character and involves audience in dialogue
  • Fast cut - used in action between shots to show interaction between actors
  • Slow cut - usually between scenes, sometimes with fades
  • Low angle - camera is positioned below actor, makes the character seem more powerful
  • High angle - camera positioned above actor, makes character seem weak and small
  • Eye-level / mid-shot - waist upward, show interaction and emotion between characters
  • Contra-zoom - camera moves backwards as zoom lens moves in
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