Official Statistics Evaluation.
- Only measure reported and recorded crimes.
- This leaves a dark figure.
- Unreliable answers - exaggeration etc.
- Biased selection of offences.
- Biased selection of interviews - e.g. leave out dangerous offenders.
- Collects information about fear and attitudes to crime.
- Some types of crime excluded from surveys e.g. corporate crime.
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Offender Profiling Evaluations.
- Interviews to establish different types - small sample - 36.
- Found that most offenders are organised - not enough evidence for disorganised for it to be called a type.
- Lacks scientific evidence - more of an art than a science.
- Worked for Arthur Shawcross - returned to victims etc.
- Applied to all sexually motivated crimes.
- Based on psychological theory - more science than typology.
- Useful for all types of crimes.
- Worked in the case of Peter Sutcliffe.
- Location of crime not enough on its own - behaviour also needs to be understood.
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