Matza criticises subcultural theories both strain and independent theories(created by Miller)as he believes these theories imply that working class youths are strongly committed to their own subculture values and membership.This is notnecessary the case.Matza highlights that working class youth are in fact so socialised to societies norms and values that they resort to using techniques of neutralisation when they decide to commit crime/deviant acts.

Matza also found that working class inner city male youths are never permenantly deviant,they'dip in and out'of deviance.

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