Material Properties


Material Properties

Material Properties 

Physical properties- How a material reacts to a non-mechanical force eg Density 

Mechanical properties- How a material reacts to a mechanical force such as strenth or durability or brittlesness.  

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Mechanical Properties and Physical Properties

Mechanical Properties

  • Strength
  • Plasticity
  • Toughness
  • Brittleness
  • Hardness
  • Elasticity
  • Durability

Physical Properties

  • Density 
  • Thermal Conductivity
  • Ellectrical Conductivity
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Physical Properties

Density- The amount of mass in an object per unti of space occupied by the matter (volume)

Electrical Conductivity- The movement of electicity through a piece of material. 

Thermal Conductivity- The movement of heat through a material. 

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Mechanical Properties

Strength- The ability of a material to withstand force without it breaking or cracking. 

Plasticity- The ability of a material to permanently change shape as a result of forces applied to it without it breaking or cracking. 

Toughness- The ability to withstand sudden shocks or blows to the material. 

Brittleness- The opposite to plasticity

Hardness- The ability to resist indentation, denting or being scratched. 

Elasticity- A material's ability to flex, bend or be deformed before returning to its original state. 

Durability- A material's ability to withstand weathering and deterioration. 

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