a movement that emerged within the Catholic Church at the end of 60s. Liberation theology was a major change of direction for the catholic church in latin americ. For centuries, it had been a conservative institution , encouraging am acceptance of poverty
The factors that led to the emergence of liberation theology were
- deepening rural poverty and the growth of urban slums
- human rights abuses following military take overs, such as false imprisonment, torture and death squads
- the growing commitment among catholic priests to an ideology that supported the poor and opposed violations of human rights
Priests helped the poor to establish support groups called 'base communities'and helped workers and peasants to fight oppression under the protection of the church.
During the 1970s, catholic priests actively resisted state terror in america. they were the only authority figures who took the side of the oppressed- during the 80s the churches's attitude changed. Pope John Paul condemned liberation theology o the grounds that it resembled Marxism