marxism- INCLUDING FUNCTIONALISM AND MARXISM COMPARISONS :)

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all stuff on marxism

comparing with functionalism at the end

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  • Created by: zahra
  • Created on: 03-11-12 16:41

marxism background

  • karl marx
  • unequal relationship between economy and other institutions(ECONOMIC DETERMINSISM)
  • INFRASTRUCTURE DETERMINES WHAT HAPPENS IN SUPERSTRUCTURE
  • infrastructure(economic base)
  • superstructure(education ,family,law,mass media ect)
  • infrastructure powerful because of own means of production
  • controls ways of making money
  • owns factories land technology ect
  • capitalist society
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more on marxism

  • workers sell labour to bourgeoisie(ruling class( to survive
  • proletariat venerable to exploitation(working class)
  • they work in the bourgeoises factories/offices/land ect
  • bourgeoise pay little to workers for maximum profits
  • naturally, proletariat want good pay and working conditions
  • (sourse of conflict in society)
  • unaware they're being exploited
  • bourgeoisie dominate ideas
  • IDEOLOGY:believed is what marxists and other conflict theorists  used to distort the true nature of reality 
  • ideology of bourgeoisie accepted by almost everyone is society
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revolution

  • education prepares for conformity(OBEY AYTHORITY AND ACCEPT INEQUALTY OF CAPITALIST SOCIETY)
  • workers not aware of being exploited and tricked into believing its natural and justified(FALSE CONCIOUSNESS)
  • docile workforce.unlikely to complain.easily exploited by ruling class
  • never occurred world could be different
  • gap between quality of life and wealth will eventually get bigger though.(POLARISATION)
  • PROLETARIAT REALISED THEYRE BEING EXPLITED
  • revolution!!! COMMUNISM COMES ALONG
  • communism : what Karl Marx wants.resources all allocated equally according to needs and people contribute to society according to their abilities
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functionalism and marxism comparisons

similarities:

  • both structural theories
  • both view society as more powerful than individuals
  • both seen individual powerless(symbolic interactionists see people as active choosing agents in charge of own destinies)

differences:

  • functionalists : say society functions for good of evreyone and marxists say society functions for ruling class benefit
  • functionalists say society characterised by high levels of consensus and Marxists argue society full of conflict
  • both see socialisation as a key to passing on norms and values.functionalists see this as good because it maintains social order but Marxists see this as bad because ideology is still transmitted through institutions and leads to BRAIN WASHING
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