Marxism: how it views the education system as an explotitive system that serves to reproduce class inequalities as well as prepare the future working force to be exploited by the ruling class.

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  • Created by: Stellah
  • Created on: 06-02-12 11:38

Marxism and Capitalist Society

  • Marxism is  a conflict theory
  • there are 2 classes ( ruling and working)
  • Ruling class owns the means of production- and profit from exploiting the working class.
  • This creates class conflict that threatens the stability of capitalism or even result in revolution to overthrow it.
  • social instituions such as, Education reproduce class inequalities and play an ideological role by persuading workers that inequality is justified and acceptable.
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Louis Althuser: The role of Ideology

  • Education system is part of the ideological state apparatus
  • This means that it reproduces class based inequalities by creating the belief that capitalism is 'normal' 'natural' and 'just'.
  • The effect of all of this is that ' sons and daughters of working class families remain working class.
  • Self-fulfilling prohercy- working class students are often told that they won't amoubnt to anything than that of their parents.
  • They are not given high expectations so therefor they aspire to the working class vocations that they are exposed to through fromt heir parents.
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Bourdieu: Cultural capital

  • main function of education is to legitimise and reproduce ruling class culture and power.
  • Another important function- socialise the working class into a 'culture of failure' so that they take up wthout question the routine and dull work in society.
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Bowles and Gintis: Schooling in capitlaist America

  • There is a close relationship between social relationships in the work place and in education.
  • This correspondance principle operates through the hidden curriculum.
  • The hidden curriculum:
  • helps to produce subservient workforce
  • encourages and acceptance of hierachy
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