Marxism and Capitalist Society
- Marxism is a conflict theory
- there are 2 classes ( ruling and working)
- Ruling class owns the means of production- and profit from exploiting the working class.
- This creates class conflict that threatens the stability of capitalism or even result in revolution to overthrow it.
- social instituions such as, Education reproduce class inequalities and play an ideological role by persuading workers that inequality is justified and acceptable.
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Louis Althuser: The role of Ideology
- Education system is part of the ideological state apparatus
- This means that it reproduces class based inequalities by creating the belief that capitalism is 'normal' 'natural' and 'just'.
- The effect of all of this is that ' sons and daughters of working class families remain working class.
- Self-fulfilling prohercy- working class students are often told that they won't amoubnt to anything than that of their parents.
- They are not given high expectations so therefor they aspire to the working class vocations that they are exposed to through fromt heir parents.
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Bourdieu: Cultural capital
- main function of education is to legitimise and reproduce ruling class culture and power.
- Another important function- socialise the working class into a 'culture of failure' so that they take up wthout question the routine and dull work in society.
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Bowles and Gintis: Schooling in capitlaist America
- There is a close relationship between social relationships in the work place and in education.
- This correspondance principle operates through the hidden curriculum.
- The hidden curriculum:
- helps to produce subservient workforce
- encourages and acceptance of hierachy
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